January 14, 2020

Employment law and the importance of understanding it

Employment law deals with rights and obligations of both employees and employers within the workplace. The failure to fulfill certain obligations or to respect employee rights leads to a large number of litigations every year. Ending up in court can be avoided by maintaining yourself properly informed on your rights and obligations. However, if you have a complex employment law problem, it’s best that you consult a specialist. Makbool Javaid is one of the leading experts in employment legislation, having handled several high profile cases concerning employment issues.

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When becoming part of a company or work group it’s only natural that you respect a set of well-established rules. The employment agreement you sign specifically requests that you fulfill certain obligations within the company. In return, your employer is obligated to respect your rights and the terms of the employment contract. The employment law contains all of the general rules that are to be applied within a workplace environment. Not respecting the rights and obligation by either employee or employer is punishable by law. Therefore, having superior understanding of the employment legislation is crucial to avoiding legal problems. Makbool Javaid is head of the employment group at Simons Muirhead & Burton and one of the best legal professionals in employment law matters. At makbooljavaid.com you can read more about Makbool Javaid and his many accomplishments in the field.

The employment legislation also refers to legal rights during the hiring process. For instance, an employer should avoid asking questions about the applicant’s race, religion, sexual orientation and so on. These kinds of issues may only be discussed if brought up by the applicant. Furthermore, the employer is obligated to do several things before hiring a new employee. Obtaining a federal employment identification number, preparing an illness and prevention plan for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, setting up a pay system to withhold the taxes to be paid to the IRS – these are just some of the employer’s hiring process obligations.

The main concerns for most employees are probably their wages and job benefits. Federal and state employment laws deal with issues like the minimum wage or the workers entitled to overtime pay. Federal laws also set out some benefits which employees are entitled to, such as the family and medical leave. Other benefits are optional and must be negotiated during the hiring process. Violations of the employment wages law are unfortunately very common, due to the poor understanding of the law. The most serious violations include not paying minimum wage, not paying overtime or deducting too much for tips.

The complexity of the employment law has often leaded to misinterpretation or poor understanding. If you’re an employer or even an employee, you can have serious problems if you don’t respect the federal and state employment regulations. The best way to make sure everything is in order is to get legal assistance from a professional. Makbool Javaid, an expert in employment legislation, offers professional training on employment issues and advises on general employment law.

January 13, 2020

Need To Know How 20 Ft Shipping Containers Are Made?

The 20ft shipping containers were available more than 50 years ago. The first containers were used to send goods in metal boxes that could be loaded and unloaded by crane. The first businessman to load a ship with several dozens of 35ft shipping containers was Malcolm Mclean, a North Carolina resident.

His route was Newark, New Jersey to Houston, Texas. A shipping container is made up of a body with bottom, top, and side walls having upper and lower horizontal hollow chords. Each of these chords has an opening at the bottom and top. To allow runoff of dirt and water, it has interior baffles sloped downward.

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Generally, the cargo container is made with closed-top dry vessels from aluminum, plastic, plywood, fiberglass, steel or a combination of these materials. The hinged rear door allows for stowing and unstowing of cargo.

Today’s shipping containers are made in many ways. Some are made from 14 gauge steel with an exterior dimension of 20×8.5×8, which makes them an ideal onsite storage unit. Containers are made in several sizes like 20, 30, or 40 feet long with a height of 8, 8.5, and 9 feet.

A 20ft shipping container is designed to store and carry anything. It is ideal for short or long-term choice of storage units for building supplies, commercial use, and home use. A 40-ft shipping container does not have pockets. All containers’ bottoms walls have u-shaped horizontal beams found midway along the length of the wall and extending downward.

The walls have a top with one aperture and many baffles are seen along the beam. These baffles extend outward from the side toward the opposite sidewall, and stop at spaced intervals from the wall.

Shipping containers made from steel have corrugated walls welded to the top, end frames, and bottom side rails. Found on the container’s 8 corners are steel castings served as the end frames and welded to 4 corner posts. Their roofs may be made of corrugated sheet steel or flat sheet steel.

Supporting the roof structure are the interior bows. The plymetal doors are fitted with anti-rack and locking hardware and weatherproof seals. The floor is made of wood laminate, plywood or planking screwed to the cross pieces.

Containers made from aluminum are fitted with steel. The parts of the containers with steel materials are the end frames and side rails. The interior and exterior posts with sheet aluminum make up its walls which are riveted to the posts. Plywood lined the internal walls and roof bows which are welded to the top rails, bolted, or riveted, are made of aluminum.

Fiber-reinforced polymer, FRP, is another material used in making shipping containers. In this material, the container is framed in steel with FRP panels fitted on the wall sides, roof, and front-end wall. There are no roof bows to support the roof structure. However to make them waterproof, it is coated in mastic.

20 ft shipping containers are known for their strength and durability, modular elements, transportability, availability, and cost-efficiency. Today, they are used to construct apartments, studio rooms, school campus apartment, offices, classrooms, and villages.

January 10, 2020

Methods of Collecting and Storing Solar Energy

Methods of collecting and storing solar energy vary depending on the uses plan for the solar generator. In general, there are three types of collectors and many forms of storage units. (1). Flat-plate collectors. (2) Focusing collectors. (3) Passive collectors.

Flat-plate collectors are the most commonly used type of collector today.

They are arrays for solar panels arranged in a simple plane. They can be of nearly any size and have an output that is directly related to a few variables including size, facing and cleanliness. These variables all affect the amount of radiation that falls on the collector. Often these collector panels have automated machinery that keeps them facing the sun. The additional energy they take is due to the correction of facing more than compensates for the energy needed to drive the extra machinery.

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Focusing collectors are essentially flat-plate collectors with optical devices arranged to maximize the radiation falling on the focus of the collector. These are currently used only in a few scattered areas. Solar furnaces are examples of this type of collector. Although they can produce far greater amounts of energy at a single point than the flat-plane collectors can, they lose some of the radiation that the flat-plane panels do not.

Radiation reflected off the ground will be used by flat-plane panels but usually will be ignored by focusing collectors. One other problem with focusing collectors in general is due to temperatures. The fragile silicon components that absorb the incoming radiation lose efficiency at high temperatures, and if they get too hot they can even be permanently damaged. The focusing collectors by their very nature can create much higher temperature and need more safeguards to protect their silicon components.

Passive collectors are completely different from the other two types of solar energy collectors. The passive collectors absorb radiation and convert it to heat naturally without being designed and built to do so. All objects have this property to some extent but only some objects (like walls) will be able to produce enough heat to make it worthwhile. Often their natural ability to convert radiation to heat is enhanced in some way or another (by being painted black, for example) and a system for transferring the heat to a different location is generally added.

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January 8, 2020

What to Do after being Fired

If you have been fired from your job for no apparent reason, a wrongful termination attorney might be able to help you get your claims. An attorney can help you assess the situation and decide which options to take. You can take either a severance package or a wrongful termination claim, depending on your situation.

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If taking a severance package is your choice, here are a few tips before getting into the negotiations:

• Stay calm after your termination

• Think over offers from your employer

• Confirm about your employer’s terms in writing

• Insist on being terminated, not resigned

• Keep on the payroll as long as possible

• Negotiate for continued medical coverage despite receiving severance pay

• Ensure that severance package is not contingent on new employment

An employer has no obligation to give severance package to employees. However, if you are in a position to negotiate for a severance package, try asking for other benefits like:

• Health insurance benefits

• Unemployment compensation

• Outplacement services

• Reference

Here are important negotiating points in order to obtain a better severance package:

• Request for a lump sum payment of your severance, not in installments

• Avoid accepting the employer’s first offer and negotiate further.

• Try to negotiate for a four week’s severance

• If you have relocated, try to obtain relocation allowance.

• Discuss accrued overtime, sick leave and vacation pay.

• If you were fired without notice, ask for two additional week salary for the lack of notice.

• If payments are due, insist that you be paid immediately, and do not waive expected benefits.

Other benefits may also be available to you as a former employee.

You may inquire about the following benefits:

• Bonus – If you are entitled to receive a bonus at the end of the year, ask for it now. If the employer refuses to pay, insist that your termination has deprived you of the chance to receive it.

• Pension and Profit-Sharing Benefits – Be aware of all plans, funds and programs that may have been established in your behalf. Ask about the details of these benefits. Ask your lawyer about your benefit rights if you have just been fired before the vesting of a pension or stock options.

After you have negotiated for your severance package and you feel satisfied with your other options and benefits, you can now decide on whether to accept the company’s final offer or ask your lawyer to obtain additional compensation.

Legal Issues

There are legal issues involved if you have been terminated. Is your termination lawful or illegal? What are the possible causes of your termination? What are the conditions you signed before being employed? Are you still eligible to receive certain benefits? What are the options available to you now?

If you believe you have been unjustly terminated from your job, it is best to take up the matter with a lawyer. An employment lawyer who has the skills and experience in handling wrongful termination cases can improve your chances of getting the rightful claim after unjustly losing a job.

January 4, 2020

Bush likely to appoint Bolton during congressional recess

Monday, July 25, 2005

As the US Senate is about to take its annual August recess, they have not yet taken action on the controversial United Nations ambassador nomination of John Bolton. With Congress gone and President Bush at his ranch in Texas, White House press secretary Scott McClellan, speaking unofficially, hinted that Bush might exercise his constitutional authority and post him to the U.N. by use of a recess appointment.

The appointment would stand until January 2007 before it would once again become subject to Senate confirmation.

The Bolton nomination was passed on to the full Senate for consideration on March 17. This was done without a favorable recommendation from the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Senators Joseph Biden (D-DE) and Christopher Dodd (D-CT) succeeded twice in leading Democrats to block efforts of Republican chamber leaders to bring the matter to a vote. Democrats raised questions on whether Bolton abused subordinates while acting in his role as undersecretary of state, and whether he tried to pressure intelligence analysts to issue reports that conformed to his views. There was also the question of Bolton’s past criticisms of the body of the United Nations itself.

Democratic filibusters demanded of the Bush administration that it release classified information regarding the involvements of Bolton in his position as the Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security since May 11, 2001. In the past, however, Senate confirmation was granted him to fill positions in government posts on four occasions.

With a week to go before recess, there are no signs of a Senate breakthrough.

In 1998, former President Bill Clinton selected Richard Holbrooke. In what some have called “partisan bickering”, Republicans blocked Holbrooke for 14 months, before he was finally confirmed in August 1999.

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December 29, 2019

Fire burns home of late singer Johnny Cash

Wednesday, April 11, 2007

A fast-moving fire engulfed the home of late singer Johnny Cash on Tuesday. The lake-side home, located in Hendersonville, Tennessee, was the home of the late singer and his wife, June Carter, from the late 1960s until their deaths in 2003.

The home was purchased by former Bee Gees singer Barry Gibb in 2006, and was undergoing renovations at the time. The cause of the fire is unknown at this time, but it is believed that a flammable wood preservative that construction workers had applied contributed to the speed in which the flames spread. Firefighters responded within 5 minutes of the fire breaking out. No workers were killed in the fire, but one firefighter suffered minor injuries.

“Maybe it’s the good Lord’s way to make sure that it was only Johnny’s house,” said Richard Sterban of The Oak Ridge Boys, who lived down the road from Cash. Neighbor Marty Stewart said “So many prominent things and prominent people in American history took place in that house—everyone from Billy Graham to Bob Dylan went into that house.” The home was where Cash wrote many of his hit songs, and appeared in the Cash music video for “Hurt“.

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November 15, 2019

New Italian government proposes withdrawal of troops from Iraq

Thursday, May 18, 2006

In his first speech since being sworn in as the country’s leader, Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi says the US-led invasion of Iraq had been a mistake. He says his new government will propose the withdrawal of Italy’s 3000 troops from Iraq.

“We consider the war in Iraq and the occupation of the country a grave error,” Mr Prodi told Italian Parliament this week. “It has not resolved, but complicated the situation of security. It is the intention of this government to propose to Parliament the return of our troops from Iraq.” His speech resulted in jeers from Italy’s centre right parties.

Mr Prodi said his government intends to continue “good relations” with Washington. He did not give a date for a withdrawal, saying a “technical timeframe” would have to be agreed with all sides involved. Italy’s centre-left parties opposed the US-led invasion of Iraq three years ago.

Mr Prodi said his government will remain on the front lines in the war against terror and would participate in anti-terror operations if they were sanctioned by international organizations, such as the United Nations. “We are convinced participants in the war against terrorism, even militarily, when it is legitimized by an international organization to which we belong.” he said.

Former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was defeated in a tight election to Prodi’s centre-left bloc in April this year. As opposition leader, Prodi has always opposed the war in Iraq. Berlusconi sent 3,000 troops to Iraq in 2003. The move was widely opposed by the Italian public.

Although troops were already expected to return home by the end of 2006, Prodi did not give an exact timeframe for the withdrawal. He said it would only happen in consultation with Iraqi authorities.

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‘Purity’ ring case taken to High Court

Saturday, June 23, 2007

Lydia Playfoot, a 16 year old schoolgirl from West Sussex, England, has been faced with expulsion by her school, Millais School of Horsham, for wearing a purity ring that symbolises her dedication to chastity.

Her case, that she should be allowed to wear the ring as it is an “expression of [her] faith and should be exempt from the school’s rules on wearing jewelery”, was taken to the High Court on Friday. Judgement in the case was reserved for a future date.

This case echoes a decision in a case last year. The Law Lords rejected Shabina Begum‘s, former pupil of Denbigh High School, in Luton, Bedfordshire, appeal to wear a Muslim Jilbab to school.

Miss Playfoot spoke to BBC Radio regarding the case. She said “Muslims are allowed to wear headscarves and other faiths can wear bangles and other types of jewellery. It feels like Christians are being discriminated against.” Her lawyers have argued that her right to wear the ring as a symbol of faith is upheld by the Human Rights Act 1998

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October 30, 2019

Football: Arsenal signs Aubameyang from Dortmund

Friday, February 2, 2018

On Wednesday, English football club Arsenal FC announced signing Gabonese striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang from German club Borussia Dortmund (BVB) on “a long-term contract” which runs until 2021. The deal is worth about £56 million, making Aubameyang the costliest player in the history of the club.

The 28-year-old striker joined Borussia in 2013 from French club Saint-Etienne, and since then, scored 141 goals in 213 matches for BVB. In German Bundesliga, he scored 98 goals, scoring one goal in 116 minutes on average. During his tenure at the Signal Iduna Park, the Gabonese captain won the 2017 DFB-Pokal (German Cup).

Aubameyang scored 31 goals in Bundesliga last season. Aubameyang was named 2016 Bundesliga player of the year. A year earlier, in 2015, he won African Footballer of the Year award. He has 56 international caps with Gabon and has netted 23 goals.

Via their official website, Arsenal announced Aubameyang is to wear jersey number 14, previously worn by Theo Walcott until last month when he moved to Everton FC. The Gabonese, who has already scored 21 goals in 24 games this season, reunites with Armenian midfielder Henrick Mkhitaryan. They were teammates at Dortmund until 2016, when Mkhitaryan moved to Manchester United. Mkhitaryan’s transfer to the London club came in exchange of Chilean forward Alexis Sanchez moving from Arsenal to their rivals Manchester in a swap deal.

Dortmund had signed Belgian footballer Michy Batshuayi from Chelsea on loan before Aubameyang’s deal was agreed upon. With Aubameyang’s arrival, French forward Olivier Giroud moved to Arsenal’s cross-town rivals Chelsea. In summer, Arsenal had signed Alexandre Lacazette for a then-club record fee of around £46.5 million.

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